Camera Movement

There are various standard descriptions used for the basic camera movements and here are the main ones:

 

Pan:
This involves moving the camera framing horizontally (left & right) with no vertical movement. This techniques is used for wide shots like panoramic views or when following a moving subject such as a car driving past.

 

Tilt:
This is when the camera framing moves vertically (up & down) with no horizontal movement. The camera could follow a rocket taking off or perhaps a ball kicked into the air.

 

Zoom:
In & out, appearing as if the camera is moving closer to or further away from the subject. When a shot zooms in closer to the subject, it is said to be getting "tighter" and as the shot zooms out, it is getting "looser".  Quality camera's will have zoom controls to maintain a consistent speed.

 

Follow:
Any sort of shot when you are holding the camera and you follow the action whilst walking. This is hard to keep steady, but can be  effective when done well.

 

Note: Most camera moves are a combination of these basic moves, so you may have to pan and/or tilt at the same time to end up with the desired framing.  These movements should be rehearsed before filming to save on unnecessary footage.